The nutritional composition of hemp seed is quite unique and exceptional! Whole hemp seeds contain approximately 36% dietary fat, 26% high quality and digestible protein and 31% carbohydrates comprised mainly of dietary fiber, in addition to an interesting array of vitamins and minerals.
Hemp seeds’ dietary fat is primarily composed of polyunsaturated fats or the “good fats”. Hemp seed oil’s fatty acid profile is comprised of 80% polyunsaturated fats, 11% monounsaturated fats, 9% saturated fats and zero trans-fats. Health organizations1 have recommended that fat intake should make up 20% to 35% of your total calories. They further recommend that most of your fat intake should come from polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats, while limiting the intake of trans and saturated fats. Hemp seed dietary fat meets this recommendation.
Hemp seed contains zero trans-fat and is cholesterol-free. You do not have worry about your heart and cardiovascular system.
Hemp seed contains one of the highest concentrations of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). EFAs are vital for good health but cannot be manufactured by our body, and so they must be present in our diet through the foods we eat. EFAs are both important components of cell membranes and are precursors for substances in the body involved with regulating blood pressure and inflammatory responses.
Hemp seed uniquely contains naturally-occurring Gamma-Linolenic Acid (GLA) and Stearidonic Acid (SDA). GLA and SDA are direct metabolites of Omega-6 and Omega-3 EFAs, respectively. These two metabolites are important for anti-inflammation and auto-immune functions in our bodies.
Hemp seeds are a source of high quality, plant based protein. Analysis of hemp food proteins has resulted in a Protein Rating of 402 and above, meaning that the protein content in hemp foods is not only present in high amounts, but also of a high quality!
Hemp protein is free of trypsin-inhibitors. Trypsin is a key enzyme that breaks down peptide bonds in proteins, enabling more efficient protein uptake in the human body.
Trypsin inhibitors which are found in other protein rich sources like soy can cause flatulence. Hemp seed and foods not only contain a high quality protein, available in high amounts, but they are also free of inhibitors that impede protein digestion making hemp highly digestible.
Hemp protein is very high in dietary fiber. Fiber helps to keep the digestive system healthy and functioning properly. The dietary fiber found in hemp is primarily composed of insoluble fiber.
Hemp is inherently gluten and lactose free. Gluten is a type of protein found in most grains commonly used in cereals and baked goods. Most people allergic to gluten have a similar reaction to lactose and soy. Hemp foods naturally have zero gluten and lactose content.